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Rendering a globalization otherwise

ARIS Code: N6-0304

Project duration: 1. 4. 2023–31. 3. 2026

Project leaderJure Ramšak, PhD

Participating institute at ZRS KoperInstitut for Historical Studies

The project is concerned with the political, economic and anthropological aspects of a unique concept of globalization developed between the early 1960s and late 1980s within the Group of 77 and the Non-Aligned Movement. These multidimensional issues are observed through the lens of Yugoslavia, which, as a European and socialist country, stood in a pointedly asymmetrical relationship to the majority of the members of this coalition of developing countries from the Global South. Nevertheless, Belgrade was one of the movement’s main coordinators as well as its representative (which has resulted in an abundance of research sources from a most varied provenance currently at our immediate disposal) and precisely because of this ambiguous role played by Yugoslavia do members of this project group recognise the extraordinary research potential for a nuanced discussion about the global problems that marked the second half of the 20th century.

Unlike the existing historiography, which mainly focuses on the role of political and diplomatic elites in charting the direction of non-alignment at the highest level, our aim is to rely on approaches of comparative and transnational history to try to place Yugoslav theory and practical attempts to render a globalization otherwise in the context of the lines of force originating from different parts of the world which all tried to challenge the established system of international relationships, some in convergence, others in divergence with the Yugoslav vision of global development. We will thus address topics such as transcontinentalism, counter-hegemony, racial and cultural hierarchies, economic rights, and peaceful coexistence, which distinguished Yugoslavia’s multilateral engagement and were tested through bilateral relationships with a number of African, Asian, and Latin American countries.